Health and Fitness

A look at what didn’t happen this week

A roundup of a number of the hottest however fully unfaithful tales and visuals of the week. None of those are legit, despite the fact that they have been shared broadly on social media. The Associated Press checked them out. Here are the info:


Video spreads false declare that vaccine booster photographs improve threat of demise

CLAIM: People who’ve acquired COVID-19 vaccine booster photographs are at a larger threat of dying from the virus.

THE FACTS: Research exhibits the other ‘” booster photographs scale back the chance of hospitalization and demise, consultants mentioned. Footage circulating broadly on social media just lately exhibits a health care provider telling Tennessee lawmakers that individuals who get vaccine booster photographs are at the next threat of demise from the coronavirus. In the clip, Dr. Richard Urso testifies on March 1 on the House Health Subcommittee of the Tennessee General Assembly on a invoice that may ban personal companies and public businesses from enacting guidelines that deal with folks thought of to have pure immunity from COVID-19 otherwise from those that are vaccinated. ‘If you take a look at the research in England, in Scotland, and in northern nations in Europe the place they get actual knowledge, that there, really, the triple vaccinated are the almost certainly to die,’ mentioned Urso, a Houston-based ophthalmologist. The video of Urso’s testimony has unfold throughout social media platforms. But the declare is fake. No credible proof has been introduced displaying that individuals who get COVID-19 vaccine booster photographs usually tend to die, medical and immunology consultants instructed the AP. ‘There’s actually nothing that helps that assertion,’ mentioned Francesca Torriani, a professor of medical medication on the University of California, San Diego. ‘It needs to be categorized as misinformation.’ Ross Kedl, a professor of immunology and biology on the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, mentioned the information exhibits the ‘precise reverse’ of Urso’s declare. Kedl cited a March 2022 article within the New England Journal of Medicine that discovered that booster doses ‘considerably elevated safety’ in opposition to the omicron variant. ‘I’ve by no means seen something that exhibits an elevated threat of mortality for people with the third dose and repeated doses to the vaccines,’ mentioned Robert Carpenter, a medical affiliate professor at Texas A&M University College of Medicine. ‘That’s fully false based mostly upon the entire knowledge that’s obtainable, the whole lot that I’ve seen each within the U.S. and outdoors it from respected sources.’ Carpenter cited knowledge revealed in January 2022 by the U.Ok. Health Security Agency that decided booster photographs considerably scale back the chance of demise attributable to the omicron coronavirus variant. He additionally pointed to a December 2021 examine revealed within the New England Journal of Medicine that discovered that individuals who acquired a booster shot had ‘90% decrease mortality’ as a result of COVID-19 than those that didn’t get a booster. Urso didn’t reply to the AP’s requests for remark.

– Associated Press author Josh Kelety in Phoenix contributed this report.


High fuel costs falsely attributed to a shutdown of US oil manufacturing

CLAIM: Gas costs are skyrocketing as a result of oil manufacturing has been ‘shut down’ within the United States.

THE FACTS: Oil manufacturing has not been ‘shut down’ within the U.S., and fuel costs are rising for a number of causes, together with increased demand after the easing of pandemic restrictions, a number of consultants instructed the AP. But as costs on the pump hit a document excessive on Tuesday, social media customers shared a graphic made on, which tracks fuel costs nationally, to falsely declare the will increase are the results of a shutdown in U.S. oil manufacturing by President Joe Biden. ‘BIDEN SHUT DOWN OUR PRODUCTION SO NOW WE DEPEND ON OTHERS,’ mentioned one Facebook put up, sharing the graphic which tracked the common retail worth of gasoline over an 18 month interval ending in February 2022. It exhibits costs rising from the tip of November 2020, the month Biden was elected president, by way of the tip of February 2022. Patrick De Haan, head of petroleum evaluation for GasBuddy, mentioned the graphic was not created by his firm, though the numbers used are correct. He and different consultants say the explanations behind rising fuel costs are being misrepresented. First, there has not been a shutdown of oil manufacturing. The U.S. was producing 11.185 million barrels of crude oil per day in 2021, in contrast with a median of 11.283 million barrels per day in 2020, in response to knowledge from the U.S. Energy Information Administration. The newest knowledge exhibits that for the week of March 4, 2022, the U.S. is producing 11.6 million barrels per day. The U.S. stays the world’s largest producer of crude oil, mentioned Mark Finley, a fellow in power and international oil at Rice University in Houston. One of the principle causes gasoline costs have pushed increased is as a result of the value of crude oil has been rising over the previous yr. As extra folks get on the highway after being cooped up in the course of the pandemic, oil and fuel suppliers that had scaled again manufacturing in the course of the pandemic are struggling to maintain up. Decisions by the OPEC+ oil cartel, led by Saudi Arabia and Russia, to solely modestly improve the oil they launched to the market saved costs excessive. Aiming to scale back costs, Biden and leaders of different oil importing nations determined to launch extra oil from strategic reserves, however these actions had little influence. Then Russia, a significant oil provider, invaded Ukraine, and costs globally took a steeper climb. Top Republicans blame Biden, and assail the White House for selling local weather change-fighting environmental measures that they mentioned helped drive gasoline costs up. Some within the oil and fuel trade say that Biden’s insurance policies, together with revoking the Keystone XL pipeline allow, have discouraged firms from drilling. But in actual fact, oil and fuel drilling has elevated underneath Biden. His administration did subject an govt order to pause oil and fuel drilling on federal land in January 2021. But a federal decide in Louisiana blocked that call in June. ‘I’ll reaffirm that President Biden’s insurance policies coming into the White House didn’t assist. But total what’s the energetic participant in driving worth? It’s this enormous pandemic restoration coupled with the present occasions with Russia,’ De Haan mentioned.



– Associated Press writers Karena Phan and Cathy Bussewitz in New York contributed this report.


Northern California fuel station did not cost $9 for fuel

CLAIM: Photo exhibits a fuel station charging $9 per gallon in California.

THE FACTS: Customers weren’t charged that worth. A retailer supervisor on the Arco fuel station – which is situated in Stockton, California – mentioned greenback quantities over $9 have been briefly displayed on its signal on March 3 after a brand new pricing system was put in. Frustrated Americans have posted dozens of images of fuel station indicators on social media this week because the nationwide common fuel worth soared to a document $4.32 per gallon, in response to AAA. But a number of the posts driving outrage on-line are exaggerating gasoline costs by presenting the photographs with out necessary context. The picture of the the Stockton fuel station, confirmed an indication with $9 per gallon listed for unleaded gasoline for cash-paying prospects, and even increased costs for different fuels and providers. The picture unfold on varied on-line boards, with web customers decrying the excessive value. ‘Gasoline jumped to $9/gallon (3.8 litres) in California,’ wrote one Twitter person who shared the picture. However, the {photograph} really exhibits the signal present process an replace, not displaying actual costs. An evaluation of options within the picture revealed the station pictured is situated at 1206 East March Lane in Stockton. A supervisor who answered the cellphone at that location and recognized herself as Danielle Reed on March 10 mentioned the signal had solely briefly displayed costs above $9 per gallon after the set up of a brand new pricing system on March 3. ‘Just for a second, like possibly three minutes, the costs on the signal modified to $9,’ she mentioned. ‘Because it is a new system, I needed to punch in the proper numbers.” That station charged $4.69 per gallon on March 3 in a transaction involving a card affiliated with the journey and gasoline worth monitoring app GasBuddy, in response to Patrick De Haan, head of petroleum evaluation at GasBuddy. Reed mentioned the station’s per-gallon worth for normal fuel on March 10 was $5.19 for patrons paying with money and $5.29 for patrons utilizing bank cards.

– Associated Press author Ali Swenson in New York contributed this report.


Wisconsin will not be on the verge of election decertification

CLAIM: Wisconsin is on the verge of decertifying the outcomes of the 2020 presidential election based mostly on the findings of a former state Supreme Court justice’s interim report back to state lawmakers.

THE FACTS: Wisconsin is not about to do any such factor, and even high Republicans say it will probably’t occur. Still, social media customers have falsely instructed decertification is on the horizon after Michael Gableman, who was employed by the Wisconsin Assembly’s high Republican to analyze the 2020 election, issued an interim report back to state lawmakers that ignored some key info. Gableman’s report spun a deceptive narrative of criminality, pushed claims of widespread election fraud with out particular proof and inspired the state to take a ‘very onerous look’ at decertifying the election. But nonpartisan attorneys who work for the Legislature instructed lawmakers in each November 2020 after Trump’s loss and once more a yr later that decertification will not be authorized. Republican legislative leaders have repeatedly cited these memos as the reason why they won’t pursue any try to reverse awarding the state’s 10 electoral votes to Biden, at the same time as Republican Rep. Timothy Ramthun, a candidate for governor, has tried to get his colleagues to decertify the vote. In response to Gableman’s report, Republican Assembly Majority Leader Jim Steineke reiterated his earlier stance that the transfer could be unconstitutional and unlawful underneath Wisconsin legislation. Republican Assembly Speaker Robin Vos, who employed Gableman, on Tuesday instructed the AP he didn’t need to ‘maintain litigating 2020’ or focus efforts on ‘one thing that can’t happen.’ And even Gableman, in his personal report, mentioned the transfer wouldn’t take away Biden from workplace. President Joe Biden defeated Donald Trump in Wisconsin by virtually 21,000 votes, and recounts, a state audit and courtroom challenges have upheld the outcomes. The Wisconsin Elections Commission on March 4 issued a seven-page rebuttal to Gableman’s report, calling his main findings inaccurate and insisting the state’s election was performed pretty and precisely. Gableman did not reply to a request for remark.



– Ali Swenson contributed this report with further reporting from Associated Press author Scott Bauer in Madison, Wisconsin.


Video exhibits local weather protest in Austria, not battle report in Ukraine

CLAIM: Footage of an individual shifting underneath a ‘physique bag’ exhibits deceptive information protection of the battle in Ukraine.

THE FACTS: The video exhibits protesters taking part in a local weather change-related demonstration in Austria in early February, and has no connection to Russia’s invasion of Ukraine. Television information protection of the protest that has been misrepresented on-line previously has circulated broadly once more in current days, with social media customers falsely claiming that the video exhibits reporting on the battle in Ukraine. In the clip, a reporter speaks straight into the digicam whereas standing in entrance of what look like black physique luggage organized on the bottom in rows. One particular person will be seen shifting beneath the fabric. ‘Ukrainian TV reporting on useless our bodies, one corpse determined to repair its physique bag,’ one Twitter person who shared the clip wrote on Friday. Another iteration of the video circulating broadly has been edited so as to add audio from an actual information report on Ukraine and a chyron studying: ‘UKRAINIAN HEALTH MINISTRY: 57 DEAD, 169 HURT ACROSS UKRAINE AS RUSSIA LAUNCHES ATTACK.’ The audio is taken from a Feb. 24 English-language NBC News report on Russia’s invasion, and captures correspondent Cal Perry saying that ‘at the very least 59 folks’ had been killed. As the AP reported in February, the unique footage really exhibits genuine information protection of a local weather change protest that was recorded on Feb. 4, 2022, in central Vienna, the capital of Austria. The Austrian information station Oe24 was masking protesters who argued that the nation’s authorities was not doing sufficient to scale back emissions. A translation of the unique information chyron on the clip reads ‘Vienna: demo in opposition to local weather coverage.’ The reporter says in German that the protest was organized by Fridays for Future, a local weather justice group. According to the Oe24 reporter, the 49 coated our bodies represented the variety of folks the group predicts will die day by day as a result of penalties of local weather change. The video has been misrepresented on-line previously, because the AP has beforehand reported. In February, some social media customers falsely claimed it confirmed disaster actors posing as individuals who died as a result of COVID-19.

– Josh Kelety contributed this report with Associated Press writers Beatrice Dupuy in New York and Frank Jordans in Berlin.


Posts falsely declare Europe banned standard hair care model

CLAIM: Olaplex, an American firm whose merchandise are designed to restore broken hair, was banned in Europe as a result of an ingredient it makes use of was linked to infertility.

THE FACTS: It’s true that an ingredient just lately banned in Europe was beforehand present in an Olaplex product, nevertheless it’s not correct to say the model itself has been banned in Europe, nor to say that newly manufactured Olaplex merchandise include the banned ingredient. Olaplex eliminated the ingredient from its merchandise in Europe earlier than the ban was enforced. Still, social media customers unfold posts falsely claiming the favored model was banned within the EU. The false claims adopted the EU’s transfer to ban the ingredient butylphenyl methylpropional, additionally known as 2-(4-tert-butylbenzyl) propionaldehyde, and extra generally referred to as lilial. The ingredient is incessantly utilized in magnificence and residential cleansing merchandise as a perfume. The European Commission in 2019 launched an opinion paper that mentioned lilial couldn’t be thought of protected as a result of its mixture results may embrace reproductive toxicity. The opinion cited rat research that discovered very excessive ranges of publicity to the ingredient may negatively have an effect on their reproductive techniques. Following that paper, the fee introduced in May 2020 that it had reclassified lilial as reprotoxic, or probably dangerous to replica and fetuses, and that the ingredient could be banned in Europe beginning on March 1, 2022. Olaplex, which had included a small quantity of the ingredient for scent in its standard at-home therapy, the Olaplex No. 3 Hair Perfector, responded by eradicating lilial from its formulation earlier than the ban went into impact. ‘Cosmetic and regulatory consultants have clarified that lilial is often current in formulations at a focus of 0.1 per cent or much less and isn’t at a degree to straight influence fertility,’ the corporate mentioned in an announcement. ‘Olaplex beforehand used 0.0119% as a perfume and as an inactive and non-functional ingredient in OLAPLEX No. 3 rinse out product.’ Still, the corporate mentioned, ‘out of an abundance of warning,’ it eliminated lilial from the product worldwide. It mentioned that by January 1, 2022, Olaplex was now not transport merchandise utilizing lilial to retailers within the UK or EU, though shops promoting the product should have backstock of the previous formulation on their cabinets. An organization spokesperson did not instantly say whether or not it had stopped transport the previous formulation to shops within the U.S. Reproductive endocrinologist Dr. Lora Shahine instructed the AP that scientists are nonetheless studying in regards to the influence of elements that disrupt the endocrine system, corresponding to lilial. She mentioned Europe usually leads the U.S. in regulating and warning about their well being influence, and U.S. prospects who’re involved might need to think about choosing merchandise with out the ingredient.

– Ali Swenson


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