Amerisafe Stock Earnings Update – Pessimism Sets It (NASDAQ:AMSF)

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Two months into 2022 and I have already got egg on my face, at the very least for anybody measuring short-term efficiency. On January sixth I had an article printed highlighting the shares that I assumed would outperform the market. One of these picks was AMERISAFE (AMSF), supplier of staff compensation insurance coverage. My calculations indicated that even when their revenues drop barely yearly for the subsequent 5 years and margins contracted, a 12% annualized return would nonetheless be assured if purchased on the ~$52 per share they have been then buying and selling at. That felt like a mighty effective margin of security. Then This fall and full 12 months 2021 outcomes have been introduced and the inventory dropped as little as $44 earlier than recovering barely. Not begin to the 12 months.

My intent with this text is to evaluation the issues that brought about the drop and what revisions to the funding thesis should be made. Bottom line-up entrance: a catastrophic accident in This fall incurred a large loss reserve that may take in money because the declare is settled. Intrinsic worth has due to this fact been impaired. Taken along with muted steering for 2022 and basic inventory market declines created an ideal storm. But there could be some gentle on the horizon.

The Incident

We know little or no concerning the catastrophic accident that occurred within the fourth quarter. Management cited a necessity to guard the victims and their household’s privateness. All that was mentioned was that it concerned a number of folks and the character of the harm is burns. Management is estimating that this declare will value them $24 million after accumulating from reinsurers.

Using basic math, dividing $24 million by shares excellent provides us an concept by how a lot intrinsic worth ought to be lowered because of paying this declare, about $1.24. But this does not bear in mind the time worth of cash. A greenback immediately is value greater than a greenback subsequent 12 months as a result of that greenback will be invested immediately for a return. A number of the $24 million will likely be unfold out over coming years as their reinsurance covers the primary $10 million. AMSF will likely be incomes a return on these dollars-to-be-paid as they sit within the funding portfolio within the interim. So the true hit to intrinsic worth can be decrease than $1.24.

The different bit of fine information is that AMSF has traditionally been very conservative of their estimates of declare liabilities, setting apart greater than is definitely wanted. This leads to an eventual reversal of these bills. These “favorable developments from prior accident years” amounted to $61.9 million in 2021, $63.5 million in 2020, and $65 million in 2019. Perhaps the identical will maintain true as they refine their estimates for this accident. That being mentioned, with all these items requiring managerial assumptions, there’s a likelihood that they should enhance their estimate, leading to future prices to earnings.


Even if AMSF finally ends up having to pay the total $1.24 per share for the catastrophic accident, that does not clarify why the market took ~$8.00 off the share value after seeing earnings. There are two different issues I consider occurring. The first is that AMSF has been coping with a number of years’ value of a declining loss value multiplier, or LCM. These are charges authorized by the states they function in that permit them to cost premiums such that they’ll cowl working bills and have a revenue margin. This has been the cadence of the LCM:

2021 2020 2019 2018 2017 2016
LCM 1.53 1.58 1.6 1.64 1.67 1.72

*Compiled by writer

When requested within the conference name about how the LCM was shaping up for 2022, the CEO guided to extra “mid-single digit declines”. Declining LCM’s has meant dangerous information for income:

table showing declining LCMs

From 10-Ks

*Date compiled by writer

The market is anticipating extra of the identical this 12 months, which is why shares have fallen so sharply. But the LCM cannot go down endlessly, in any other case staff compensation suppliers would exit of enterprise. In electronic mail correspondence from a number of months in the past, the AMSF CFO, Neal Fuller, offered me some good perception into the dynamics at play:

During the monetary disaster and nice recession of 2008-2009, there was a rise in claims and the size of time injured staff have been handled. This elevated loss prices and later the charges authorized by the states for staff compensation insurance coverage. This enhance peaked in 2014/2015 and since that point loss prices and charges have usually been declining at a gradual tempo. Employers are additionally turning into safer and because of this the frequency of accidents has regularly decreased over the previous variety of years. Insurance is a cyclical enterprise and usually mushy markets (charges reducing) are adopted by exhausting markets (charges rising) when the charges charged now not cowl the prices of the claims. As to when which may happen is unsure.

The final time charges have been this low in a declining fee atmosphere was in 2007 when the LCM was at 1.51. It took three extra years for charges to backside at 1.43 in 2010. But it could not take that lengthy this time. The mid-single digit decline in LCM forecast for this coming 12 months, let’s name it a 5% decline, would certainly quantity to an LCM of 1.43. Let’s hope it can certainly be the underside. When charges rocketed yearly to achieve a excessive of 1.84 in 2014 after the 2010 low, income compounded yearly at a fee of 16% throughout these 4 years, from $218 million to $404 million. If historical past repeats, huge positive aspects are in retailer. It’s value noting that at the very least one different participant within the staff compensation area, Barrett Business Services (BBSI), is NOT seeing pricing declines this 12 months. From their conference name:

Looking on the market extra broadly, market pricing for staff compensation protection has now largely flattened after reducing for a number of years.

Might this be the turning level?

Revised Valuation

I want I might say that AMSF was oversold at this level and that shares have been worth. My unique fashions indicated that even when their income slowly fell 1% yearly and margins compressed barely, a inventory value of ~$52 nonetheless introduced a 12% annualized return alternative. With the inventory now ~$47, should not the case have strengthened? In a phrase, possibly.

My unique thesis was contingent upon the loss value multiplier night out. That would forestall continued extreme drops in income. But as talked about already, administration is guiding to a major drop within the LCM in 2022. And the corporate has been unable to chop prices as shortly as income has dropped, having a pronounced impact on margins:

Table showing revenue has dropped

AMSF 10-Ks

Notice how the expense ratio has risen virtually yearly. In brief and looking out ahead, income will doubtless drop extra and margins will compress additional than I had enter. My margin of security was not large enough. With the inventory at ~$47, here’s what the market is pricing into AMSF future enterprise outcomes with a reduction fee of 10%, the long-term common return of the inventory market (which is what I assume most traders would at the very least want to match):


Author’s DCF

Pricing the inventory at $47 implies that the market expects AMSF income to go down 5% subsequent 12 months then develop 1% yearly by 2026 by a mixture of elevated coverage rely and wage inflation. Margins go right down to 10% subsequent 12 months after which recuperate as much as 19% in 2026, nonetheless properly beneath their prior five-year common margin of twenty-two%. Now, this is not a prediction. The similar worth might have been arrived at by a special mixture of inputs. Perhaps income will develop at a quicker fee however margins will keep decrease. This is simply an train. I solely intend for this spreadsheet to be a place to begin to assist others type their very own opinions about future prospects for AMSF.


There are a number of positives which have likelihood of materializing. First, 2021 was the primary 12 months in a very long time the place AMSF truly grew their coverage rely. Since at the very least 2016 they’ve had about 8,000 insurance policies yearly, with the typical premium per coverage going through a steep descent because the aforementioned LCM plummeted:

table showing average premium per policy facing a steep descent


But 2021 noticed coverage rely develop, tallying 8,400. And AMSF has said plans to spend money on their relationship with brokers extra in 2022 in order that these brokers will do a greater job of selling and promoting their insurance policies. From the convention name:

As far because the distribution community, sure we’re spending time…. with our brokers reiterating what the worth proposition of working with AMERISAFE is from an agent’s perspective and the way they promote that to their purchasers. Our security companies, our declare service is how we care for their injured staff, how we service their insurance policies after which I believe our retention fee actually speaks to that. So I believe these are all issues that we will actually drive dwelling with our brokers in looking for one of the best options for his or her purchasers in 2022.

…..our aim is to develop coverage rely. We have been ready to do this lastly in 2021, not fairly the place we need to be and that’s our continued focus into 2022.

A second potential tailwind is enhancing employment charges and wage inflation. More staff and staff getting paid extra is a HUGE profit to AMSF, as their premium costs are primarily based on a p.c of wages. This too was talked about within the name:

…. something that will increase payroll will increase premium for us. So that is a constructive signal for 2022.

The largest business that AMSF companies is development which includes 45% of written premiums, following by trucking after which logging and lumber at 15% and 10% of written premiums, respectively. Of the seven industries whole that they service (the others being agriculture, manufacturing, telecommunications, and maritime), these largest three are additionally three of the 4 most worthwhile:

Construction Truck Log/Lumber Ag. Manu. Tele Maritime
premium per $100 payroll $4.55 $6.00 $8.05 $4.31 $3.03 $3.92 $4.97

*From 10-Ok

With the Biden administration splurging on infrastructure and with the Architectural Billings Index (a main indicator of development and due to this fact financial exercise) displaying continued enlargement, all indicators are pointing in direction of important tailwinds for Amerisafe’s bread and butter, that of offering staff compensation insurance coverage to staff in excessive hazard industries.

Finally, rising rates of interest are a boon to their funding guide, which consists virtually fully of bonds. The federal reserve has mentioned there are going to be three fee hikes this 12 months. That can have a cloth affect on funding earnings for AMSF. Here is their historical past of funding earnings primarily based on portfolio yield:

2021 2020 2019 2018 2017 2016
Average Invested Assets (mil) $1,151.8 $1,191.7 $1,200.6 $1,195.1 $1,188.7 $1,165.4
Yield 2.3% 2.5% 2.8% 2.6% 2.5% 2.5%

Investment Income (mil)

$25.4 $29.4 $32.5 $30.5 $29.3 $28.1

*Data compiled by writer

Since their portfolio consists principally of municipal bonds, monitoring that fee will likely be vital shifting ahead. It has perked up of late:

graph showing municipal bonds has perked up of late

muni bond charges (munibondadvisor)

It can be vital to notice that whereas larger yields will technically decrease the carrying worth of their fixed-income investments, they maintain the vast majority of these to maturity and can due to this fact be unaffected.

With their present stability of $1 billion value of investments, each 100 bps enlargement on their yields will enhance funding earnings by $1,000,000, or $.05 of EPS. That will not be immaterial.

Taken collectively, these three issues of extra insurance policies written, larger employment and wages usually, and better rates of interest might have a pronounced impact on AMSF 2022 outcomes, to the upside.

Unearned Premiums vs. Premiums Receivable

There are two particular line objects on the stability sheet that may point out a turning level, unearned premiums and premiums receivable. The numbers will go up as AMSF writes extra insurance policies and/or writes insurance policies with larger premium charges, and the rise will presumably precede an increase in income.

Unearned premiums accrue in cases the place an organization pays up entrance for his or her total one 12 months coverage. This is cash that AMSF will get however hasn’t “earned” within the sense that the protection interval hasn’t even occurred but, and is due to this fact listed as a legal responsibility on the stability sheet. It will likely be acknowledged as income as future quarters elapse, displaying up as a lower within the legal responsibility on the stability sheet.

Premiums receivable are the reverse, the place an organization has a one-year coverage however pays in, say, quarterly installments. Because the total years’ value of premium is contractually agreed upon, AMSF will get to file it as an asset on the stability sheet, to be acknowledged as income as it’s the truth is paid in future quarters, thus reducing the asset.

The primary factor to observe for right here is these line objects going up, as a result of it implies that income will go up later. If the above prospects regarding extra insurance policies written and better coverage quantities begin to materialize, it can doubtless present up on the stability sheet first. Any year-over-year enhance will likely be an enormous purchase sign.

Capital Management

Several readers commented on my final AMSF article highlighting the truth that the corporate has been paying out extra in dividends than they made in web earnings. This is clearly an comprehensible concern, so I reached out to administration with the problem. The CFO had this to say:

We have in some years paid out greater than in earnings as a result of our working leverage is just too low (implying overcapitalization). Our long-term goal for working leverage as measured by Net Written Premiums / Shareholder’s Equity is 1x or 1.1x. At year-end this ratio was 0.69, nonetheless implying overcapitalization.

In different phrases, they’d relatively give unused monies again to shareholders relatively than let it sit within the funding guide, which might already cowl losses 1.36X. I do not disagree with this observe per say, however it does look a bit bit like they’re grooming their metrics. Return on Equity will be propped up artificially by regularly pruning the denominator. Personally, I might relatively them use the surplus capital to increase the fairness place of the funding guide. Their fairness purchases have carried out a lot better than their fastened earnings securities, with an unrealized achieve of greater than $12 million on the stability sheet. Only 6% of their investments are in equities, however they’re licensed to have as much as 10%. I might like to see them get it as much as the ten% sooner relatively than later, particularly given the latest inventory market declines and due to this fact larger availability of honest priced securities. Better nonetheless, maybe they’ll discover good locations to make use of these {dollars} in pursuit of extra insurance policies.


The earnings report was decidedly unfavorable. A giant declare within the quarter added an enormous chunk to loss reserves, and steering for 2022 was to have the topline contract additional. The inventory has been punished, and far of that’s merited. Intrinsic worth has been completely impaired because of the catastrophic declare. But there are a number of potential positives across the nook. Investments in producing extra insurance policies, larger employment and wages, and better rates of interest might all work collectively to convey AMSF again to income progress after years of decline. The loss value multiplier, by its very nature, cannot contract indefinitely. If it companies up sooner relatively than later, guess on considerably larger earnings for AMSF. This 12 months could be the inflection level for this beat down insurer, who despite a difficult atmosphere has managed an underwriting revenue for a few years.

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