Health and Fitness

Copper IUD: Side Effects, Cost, Review vs. Hormonal IUDs

Deciding to get an IUD can really feel like an empowering contraceptive dedication. But you even have a significant option to make: copper IUD or hormonal IUD? Whichever one you select, these small, T-shaped gadgets are inserted into your uterus by a medical supplier, and so they can present years upon years of extraordinarily efficient contraception. But they do work in a different way. You might go for a hormonal IUD like Mirena, Skyla, Liletta, or Kyleena, which all use progestin to skinny your uterine lining and thicken your cervical mucus, so it’s tougher for sperm to achieve an egg. Or you might go along with the copper IUDeciding to get an IUD (intrauterine gadget) can really feel actually empowering—in any case, these small, T-shaped contraceptive gadgets can present years upon years of efficient contraception.

But deciding on the very best IUD for you too can be a bit overwhelming. There are so many hormonal IUD choices—after which there’s the non-hormonal outlier, the copper IUD.

So, what makes this one totally different? The copper IUD, additionally manufactured below the model identify Paragard, is in a category of contraceptives known as LARCs or long-acting reversible contraceptives, Nichole Butler, MD, FACOG, a board-certified ob-gyn for the Women’s Health Center at Weiss Memorial Hospital in Chicago, tells SELF. It’s made of sentimental, versatile plastic wrapped with a skinny layer of copper. Every sort of IUD is inserted into your uterus by a medical skilled, however the copper IUD is exclusive in that it prevents being pregnant by altering the surroundings in your uterus to make it poisonous to sperm. In distinction, hormonal IUDs (Mirena, Skyla, Liletta, and Kyleena) use progestin (an artificial type of the hormone progesterone) to skinny the uterine lining and thicken cervical mucus, making it troublesome for sperm to achieve an egg.

Dr. Butler is a big fan of the copper IUD as a result of it’s non-hormonal and the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has accepted it for as much as 10 years of use after insertion (although, some medical doctors say it could actually last as long as 12 years). That stated, each hormonal and non-hormonal IUDs include their very own record of nice and doubtlessly not-so-pleasant unwanted side effects, so you need to weigh the professionals and cons earlier than deciding if the copper IUD is the fitting type of contraception for you. Here’s what it’s worthwhile to know earlier than you pair up with Paragard.

Pros of copper IUD | Cons of copper IUD | Copper IUD unwanted side effects | Copper IUD value | Copper IUD experiences | Other non-hormonal contraception

What are the professionals of the copper IUD in comparison with hormonal IUDs?

Having a tool inserted into your vagina (and on into the uterus) offers you loads of causes to ask a number of questions. Your job, with the steering of your ob-gyn, is to find out if the advantages of the copper IUD outweigh the downsides.

Let’s begin with the good things: “The major pros of the copper IUD are that it is long-acting, it doesn’t require you to remember to do anything every day, week, or month, and it’s non-hormonal for those who want or need to avoid hormones due to side effects or health concerns,” Kelly Culwell, MD, a board-certified ob-gyn in Sacramento, California, tells SELF.

Not having to recollect to take a capsule daily is a giant advantage of each forms of IUDs. “The copper and hormonal IUDs are similar in terms of the way they are inserted, and they don’t require you to remember to do anything—sometimes called a ‘set it and forget it’ method, so they are both good options for people who can’t remember to take a pill every day,” Dr. Culwell says.

Plus, IUDs are tiny, so that you and your companion is not going to really feel it throughout intercourse. (Just word that it does have two strings that cling by your cervix and into your vagina). The physician will shorten the strings as soon as the IUD is in place, permitting your health-care supplier to periodically test to ensure it’s nonetheless there, ought to any points come up.)

With that stated, let’s leap into the particular advantages of the copper IUD in comparison with hormonal IUDs:

The copper IUD lasts loads longer than hormonal IUDs.

When it involves long-lasting contraception, the copper IUD comes out on prime. According to the Mayo Clinic, it’s thought-about a long-acting technique to forestall being pregnant for as much as 10 years.

By comparability, hormonal IUDs are solely really helpful for 3 to 6 years, relying on the model. Of course, you possibly can have any of them eliminated sooner, which is nice information should you finally resolve you wish to get pregnant. What’s extra, fertility returns virtually instantly after elimination, making IUDs a wonderful contraception technique if child fever ever kicks in.

Cost and efficacy are on par with hormonal IUDs.

Both the associated fee (which we dig into extra under) and the efficacy of hormonal and non-hormonal IUDs are comparable. The copper IUD’s effectiveness is significantly spectacular (over 99% efficient at stopping being pregnant), however the non-hormonal IUDs are fairly spectacular too. According to a 2017 evaluate printed in Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, IUDs, each hormonal and non-hormonal, have the bottom failure charge of all contraceptive strategies.3 What’s extra, analysis from 2014 printed within the journal American Family Physician exhibits that the copper IUD fails simply 0.6% to 0.8% of the time.4 That boils right down to fewer than one out of 100 individuals getting pregnant within the first 12 months of utilizing the copper IUD, which is a reasonably glorious success charge.

It can be utilized as emergency contraception.

One different profit that’s distinctive to the copper IUD is it could actually act as emergency contraception if wanted, stopping being pregnant with almost 100% efficacy after unprotected penis-in-vagina intercourse.1 The caveat is you’ll must get one inserted inside 5 days after having unprotected intercourse to be efficient, in line with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Additionally, the copper IUD and the hormonal IUDs are simply taken out, making it an incredible selection if getting pregnant turns into a precedence.

It’s a superb choice for people who find themselves delicate to hormones.

Most individuals utilizing a hormonal IUD do not discover the identical forms of hormonal unwanted side effects that you just may need with the mixture contraception capsule (which has estrogen and progestin), however Dr. Culwell factors out that some people who find themselves actually delicate to hormones would possibly discover they’ve unwanted side effects like temper adjustments. In that case, the non-hormonal copper IUD is perhaps the very best match.

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