Good News in History, March 4

40 years in the past at the moment, Justice Bertha Wilson was appointed to the Canadian Supreme Court by Pierre Trudeau, the primary girl to carry the place. She achieved this although she had already completed her research with a Master of Arts in philosophy, and that she did so in Scotland, the nation of her beginning. She immigrated to Canada after graduating, and solely after determined she wished to check legislation. Many of her Supreme Court rulings within the 80s and 90s concerned the first-ever purposes of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms of 1982 into Canadian society, and stay foundational in trendy Canadian legislation. READ extra in regards to the pioneering justice… (1982)

Justice Bertha Wilson credit-Dalhousie U. (YouTube)

Wilson had a monitor file of breaking boundaries, as after being admitted to the bar in Nova Scotia, she turned the primary feminine affiliate of the agency Osler, Hoskin & Harcourt, and later turned their first feminine associate on her option to changing into the primary girl appointed to the Court of Appeal for Ontario in 1975, and the primary feminine Supreme Court justice in 1982.

In R v Lavallee (1990) Wilson wrote the judgement that discovered “battered woman syndrome” a legally legitimate argument for self-defense, reasoning that council and proof offered by consultants was wanted in circumstances the place stereotypes and myths are inherent in a lay-person’s reasoning, and {that a} girl’s previous expertise, and data of an individual’s previous conduct, may inform a deadly response in conditions the place it won’t achieve this for a standard individual.

“It was a great treat to read her judgments,” stated the Right Honorable Brian Dickson, former Chief Justice of Canada. “With each one I felt my heart and mind expand. She writes with a simplicity, grace, rationality and humanity that may even lead one to underestimate the complexity of her thoughts.”


MORE Good News on this Date:

  • Antonio Vivaldi, the nice Baroque composer and virtuoso violinist who wrote the favored “The Four Seasons” violin concertos, was born (1678)
  • The first US Congress met fulfilling the brand new Constitution (1789)
  • Swan Lake, a ballet composed by Tchaikovsky, was first carried out in Moscow’s Bolshoi Theater, a Russian people story about Princess Odette who’s become a swan by an evil sorcerer who additionally tips a younger prince into betraying her (1877)
  • Jeannette Rankin of Montana turned the primary girl to serve within the U.S. Congress (1917)
  • The tune Happy Birthday To You was first revealed by Clayton Summy (1924)
  • The British empire signed an settlement with Mohandas Gandhi to launch political prisoners and permit the free use of salt by the poorest Indians (1931)
  • Bertha Wilson was first girl appointed as Supreme Court Justice in Canada (1933)
  • Ernest Hemingway accomplished his novel The Old Man and the Sea (1952)
  • A Boston hospital introduced the primary profitable kidney transplant (1954)
  • The US Supreme Court dominated that federal legal guidelines banning on-the-job sexual harassment additionally apply when each events are the identical intercourse (1998)

231 years in the past at the moment, Vermont turned the 14th U.S. state. A vacation spot for vacationers looking for fall foliage, 75% of Vermont (which implies ‘green mountain’) is roofed by forest.

Stowe, Vermont by Andrew Ryder, CC license (cropped)

It’s additionally identified for being dwelling to over 100 historic lined bridges, and a significant producer of maple syrup. Its hundreds of acres of alpine terrain supply Easterners stellar ski resorts like Stowe and Killington. It is the second least-populous of the 50 United States, containing about 40,000 extra folks than Wyoming. Vermont, which you’ll differentiate from New Hampshire on a map as a result of it’s formed like a “V”, was additionally the primary state to partially abolish slavery. (1791)

And, 93 years in the past at the moment, Charles Curtis turned the primary Native-American Vice President of the United States.

A Kansas legal professional and the Republican chief of the U.S. Senate, Curtis was a member of the Kaw Nation and served within the White House with Herbert Hoover after they received in a landslide victory. ‘Charley’ employed a girl there, as a substitute of the customary man, as his secretary—one other small step for gender equality. The girl, Lola M. Williams (pictured left, above) had labored for Curtis within the Congress for a very long time, and was one of many first ladies to set foot on the Senate ground. (1929)

And, on at the present time 89 years in the past, Frances Perkins started her first day because the U.S. Secretary of Labor, the primary feminine member of a president’s cupboard. Franklin D. Roosevelt appointed her in the course of the Great Depression to assist set up Social Security and different public security web packages that had been identified collectively as The New Deal. For 12 years in that cupboard function, she constructed a fame as the girl behind it. She additionally established the primary minimal wage and extra time legal guidelines for American staff, office security rules (after a tragic manufacturing unit hearth), and the usual 40-hour work week. WATCH a brief video in regards to the wonderful legacy of Frances Perkins… (1933)

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