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Good News in History, March 7

60 years in the past right this moment, the Royal College of Physicians launched “Smoking and Health,” the primary assortment of information warning concerning the risks of cigarette smoking. Released by Sir Robert Platt, it got here as a watershed second within the historical past of public well being coverage, notably not merely for broadcasting the primary info of the hazards of smoking, but additionally for utilizing knowledge assortment to current medical suggestions primarily based on risk-assessments, as a report that got here immediately from physicians and researchers to the general public at giant, and informing the formation of the 1964 Surgeon General’s Report on smoking within the U.S. READ More concerning the watershed second… (1962)

From the Stanford Research into the Impact of Tobacco Advertising. Fair Use.

Sir Robert Platt, President of the College, was chosen as a part of a committee in 1959 to move up an investigation into smoking. By May of that 12 months, 30,000 copies of Smoking and Health had already been bought within the U.S., an important improvement, contemplating how pervasive smoking commercials had turn out to be. The report discovered…

“The benefits of smoking are almost entirely psychological and social. It may help some people to avoid obesity. There is no reason to suppose that smoking prevents neurosis.”

“Cigarette smoking is a cause of lung cancer and bronchitis, and probably contributes to the development of coronary heart disease and various other less common diseases. It delays healing of gastric and duodenal ulcers.”

Sir Robert Baron of Platt, President of the Royal College of Physicians. Fair Use.

“The risks of smoking to the individual are calculated from death rates in relation to smoking habits among British doctors. The chance of dying in the next ten years for a man aged 35 who is a heavy cigarette smoker is 1 in 23, whereas the risk for a non-smoker is only 1 in 90. Only 15% (one in six) of men this age who are non-smokers but 33% (one in three) of heavy smokers will die before the age of 65. Not all this difference in expectation of life is attributable to smoking.”

MORE Good News on this Day:

  • Maurice Ravel, the famous French composer, was born (1875)
  • The nice inventor John Frederick William Herschel, who was a mathematician, astronomer, chemist, and experimental photographer who invented the blueprint, was born within the city of Slough, England (1792)
  • The first 78 rpm jazz report was launched by Original Dixieland Jazz Band for the Victor Talking Machine Company with the A-side ‘Dixie Jazz Band One Step’ (1917)
  • The first profitable trans-Atlantic radio-telephone dialog passed off, between New York City and London (1926)
  • Golda Meir was elected as the primary feminine Prime Minister of Israel (1969)
  • Sunil Gavaskar turned the primary cricket batsman to attain 10,000 Test runs (1987)
  • The first democratically elected Palestinian parliament was shaped (1996)
  • A New Hampshire ceremony ratified Gene Robinson as the primary overtly homosexual Episcopal bishop (2004)
  • A mass meeting of Kuwaitis marched in help of voting rights for ladies outdoors authorities heart (2005)
  • Kathryn Bigelow turned the primary feminine to win an Academy Award for Best Director for her movie, Hurt Locker, which additionally received finest image, a couple of bomb disposal workforce in the course of the Iraq War (2010)

146 years in the past right this moment, Alexander Graham Bell acquired a U.S. patent for the phone. The Scottish-born inventor, scientist, and engineer credited with inventing the primary sensible phone, additionally co-founded the American Telephone and Telegraph Company (AT&T) 9 years later.

Bell’s father, grandfather, and brother had all been related to work on elocution and speech—and each his mom and spouse have been deaf—profoundly influencing Bell’s life’s work. His analysis on listening to and speech led him to experiment with listening to units which ultimately culminated in his invention, the phone. (1876)

173 years in the past right this moment, the famend American botanist and horticultural pioneer, Luther Burbank, who developed greater than 800 strains and kinds of vegetation, was born. He created the Shasta Daisy, the Delicious Apple, and the Russet Potato, which he invented to be proof against the blight that worn out crops all through Europe and precipitated the devastating Irish potato famine.

Burbank grew up on a farm and solely acquired a highschool training in Lancaster, Massachusetts. He used his inheritance to purchase land and ultimately transfer to Santa Rosa, California. He established a greenhouse, nursery, and experimental fields the place he carried out crossbreeding experiments on vegetation, impressed by Charles Darwin’s The Variation of Animals and Plants beneath Domestication.

Burbank turned well-known for his plant catalogs and happy prospects who grew his Santa Rosa plums, Flaming Gold nectarines, Freestone Peaches, the White Blackberry, and extra. The Santa Rosa property is now open to the general public as a metropolis park, The Luther Burbank Home and Gardens. The city celebrated his one hundred and seventieth birthday in 2019 by planting a plum tree and 170 shasta daisies. (1849)

Courtesy Dartmouth College Library

And, 99 years in the past right this moment, the Robert Frost poem Stopping By Woods on a Snowy Evening was revealed in The New Republic. Ending with the well-known line “And miles to go before I sleep,” the poem was Frost’s favourite, and the one he known as his “best bid for remembrance.” Frost mentioned he wrote the verses primarily based on a troublesome Christmas that he skilled, when on December twenty second, he realized that he wouldn’t be capable to afford Christmas presents for his household.

From Garrison Keillor’s The Writer’s Almanac: “Frost wasn’t the most successful farmer, but he scrounged up some produce from his farm, hitched up his horse, and took a wagon into town to try and sell enough produce to buy some gifts. He couldn’t sell a single thing, and as evening came and it began to snow, he had to head home. He was almost home when he became overwhelmed with the shame of telling his family about his failure, and as if it sensed his mood, the horse stopped, and Frost cried. He recalls he ‘bawled like a baby.’ Eventually, the horse jingled its bells, and Frost collected himself and headed back home to his family. His daughter Lesley agreed that this was the inspiration for the poem, and said that she remembered the horse, whose name was Eunice, and that her father told her: ‘A man has as much right as a woman to a good cry now and again. The snow gave me shelter; the horse understood and gave me the time.’” (1923)

Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening:

Whose woods these are I feel I do know.
His home is within the village although;
He won’t see me stopping right here
To watch his woods replenish with snow.

My little horse should suppose it queer
To cease with no farmhouse close to
Between the woods and frozen lake
The darkest night of the 12 months.

He offers his harness bells a shake
To ask if there’s some mistake.
The solely different sound’s the sweep
Of simple wind and downy flake.

The woods are pretty, darkish and deep,
But I’ve guarantees to maintain,
And miles to go earlier than I sleep,
And miles to go earlier than I sleep.

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