21 years in the past in the present day, NASA launched the “2001 Odyssey” probe to Mars. Named after Kubrick’s basic sci-fi movie, its mission was to make use of spectrometers and a thermal imager to detect proof of previous or current water and ice, in addition to research the planet’s geology and radiation surroundings. That mission was successful over a interval which elapsed 32 months after it arrived in orbit across the Red Planet, and has continued on for 17 years and seven months, nonetheless transmitting precious information because the oldest craft on or round Mars, and the second oldest serving spacecraft within the photo voltaic system. READ About its main discoveries… (2001)
By 2008, Mars Odyssey had mapped the essential distribution of water beneath the shallow floor. The orbiter additionally found huge deposits of bulk water ice close to the floor of equatorial areas.
Observations from November 2015 yielded perception in regards to the composition of the bottom and about temperature-driven processes, similar to heat seasonal flows noticed on some slopes, and geysers fed by spring thawing of carbon dioxide (CO2) ice close to Mars’ poles.
Along with discovering water and geological options, Odyssey has functioned because the relay between NASA and her twin rovers Spirit and Curiosity, by way of which round 85% of communications have been attainable.
More Good News on this Date in History:
- “Prohibition” towards ingesting beer was ended within the US, and the return of the malty beverage is widely known on this present day as, Brew Year’s Day (1933)
- The World Health Organization was established by the United Nations and has gone on to rid the world of killer ailments like smallpox and, because of 150 workplaces in 194 Member States, 6 million fewer youngsters died earlier than their fifth birthday than in 1990 and polio is on the verge of eradication—with measles, malaria, and guinea worm eradicated from many international locations (1948)
- Happy 57th Birthday to filmmaker and actor Russell Crowe (1964)
- Soviet chief Mikhail Gorbachev declared a moratorium on the deployment of middle-range missiles in Europe (1985)
- Vermont grew to become the fourth state to legalize homosexual marriage (2009)
Also, 107 years in the past in the present day, the jazz singer-songwriter Billie Holiday was born.
Nicknamed “Lady Day,” Holiday’s vocal type, strongly impressed by jazz instrumentalists, pioneered a brand new means of manipulating phrasing and tempo. In the late Nineteen Thirties she recorded “Strange Fruit”, a tune based mostly on a poem about lynching. Her autobiography, “Lady Sings the Blues,” additionally the title of a 1956 LP, was later become a film starring Diana Ross. She died at age 44. (1915)
Alan Freed’s ‘Rock ‘n’ Roll Dance Party’ was hosted by the DJ who first promoted the brand new musical style. Often known as “the father of rock ‘n’ roll,” Freed launched the phrase “rock and roll” within the early Fifties and mentioned, “Rock and roll is a river of music that has absorbed many streams: rhythm and blues, jazz, rag time, cowboy songs, country songs, folk songs. All have contributed to the big beat.” (1956)
And, Happy Birthday to Francis Ford Coppola, one of many best filmmakers of all time, who turns 83 in the present day. His bout with polio as a teenager in Queens spurred Francis to develop his creativeness and produce puppet theater performs. Though additionally gifted in engineering and music, he selected drama and movie majors in school and shortly gained 6 Academy Awards, for The Godfather (Best Picture and Screenplay), for The Godfather Part II (Best Picture, Director, and Screenplay), and for his screenplay on the movie Patton.
Coppola introduced final yr that he would start manufacturing on his epic magnum opus, Megalopolis. “Utilizing all I have learned during my long career, beginning at age 16 doing theater… it will be a production on a grand scale with a large cast. It is not within the mainstream of what is produced now.”
Coppola wrote Megalopolis within the early ‘80s and later shot some second unit footage for the film before the terrorist attacks of 9/11 halted the project because the script contained scenes that would be disturbing in the aftermath. The story is about a remarkable architect who wants to redesign New York City into a modern utopia (but has to fight against a nemesis, the city’s conservative mayor)—and Coppola has his eye on Jude Law, in addition to many different huge names to star within the expansive movie.
Since his final movie in 2011 (Twixt), Coppola has been busy because the proprietor of a number of resorts, cafes, a literary journal, a line of pasta known as Mammarella Foods, and three wineries, The Coppola Winery in Geyserville, California, a household vacation spot containing a restaurant, swimming swimming pools, and a museum of his film memorabilia, together with Vito Corleone’s desk. Most lately he put his household identify on new natural strains of marijuana. (1939)
Also an writer of books, Coppola has the excellence of being certainly one of solely 8 filmmakers to have gained the Cannes Film Festival’s Palme d’Or twice—for The Conversation, which Coppola directed, produced, and wrote, and his subsequent movie, Apocalypse Now (1979), a vivid depiction of madness within the Vietnam War. (1939)
And, rejoice International Cloud Lovers Day. It’s a day to search for on the sky, wherever you might be on planet Earth, and spend a number of moments appreciating the wonder and splendor of clouds.
An occasion planner from Boston, Danny Bloom, co-created the celebration whereas residing in Taiwan. A new weblog options nice cloud photographs, a cloud-spotter app, and far extra from the Cloud Appreciation Society. (2007)
And, 131 years in the past in the present day, the toy-making entrepreneur and founding father of LEGO, Ole Kirk Christiansen, was born.
The tenth youngster of an impoverished household, the little Danish boy grew to become fascinated with whittling wooden, and later educated to be a carpenter.
At age 25, he used his financial savings to purchase a woodworking store which rose to be an enormous success, however it later burned to the bottom, alongside along with his dwelling. Persevering, Kristiansen determined to increase his enterprise and construct a bigger workshop, which, by 1930, employed a small workforce constructing family merchandise—however the Great Depression hit Denmark and his enterprise slipped into chapter 11. Still, he refused to cease producing his favourite product: toys. He determined to determine an organization that completely made merchandise for the event of youngsters.
With this turning level, Kristiansen successfully outlined the core philosophy of LEGO, and named it for the shortened type of the Danish phrases for ‘play well’—Leg obtained. He had discovered his goal, realizing it was “a choice between carpentry and toys”. READ extra in regards to the inspiring man who by no means noticed LEGO grow to be successful, however whose motto of high quality lives on…
In 1947, the corporate made a daring transfer, buying a plastic injection molding machine, which was so costly that it value greater than twice the earlier yr’s income. Within two years they had been producing a plastic product known as the Automatic Binding Brick. Ole’s son Godtfred (who had by chance ignited the fireplace 26 years earlier) started the decade-long give attention to the event of their plastic brick. Despite poor gross sales within the early Fifties, the corporate by no means gave up on the plastic brick—and ultimately used the suitable ingredient to realize the required ‘clutch power’ or friction that holds two bricks collectively. Their design for the Lego brick was patented in Copenhagen in 1958, however weeks later Ole Kristiansen had a coronary heart assault and died on the age of 66, earlier than the LEGO’s foundational “System of Play” was launched.
Despite the various setbacks he skilled through the years, he by no means minimize corners and at all times emphasised the significance of high quality in manufacturing along with his motto, “Only the best is good enough.” Famously, when the corporate was nonetheless producing picket toys, his son boasted about utilizing solely two coats of varnish, as a substitute of three, on a batch of their standard picket geese to economize. His father pressured him to repair his mistake. Godtfred, the brand new CEO carved the phrases “Det bedste er ikke for godt” on a plaque, which in the present day evokes the employees on the entrance of the Billund headquarters of The Lego Group.
In the primary half of 2015, Ole’s namesake grew to become the world’s largest toy firm by income—with gross sales amounting to $2.1 billion, surpassing Mattel. (1891)
And, on this present day 102 years in the past, the sitar maestro Ravi Shankar was born. The Indian musician and Hindustani classical composer was maybe finest referred to as a significant affect on The Beatles’ George Harrison. Introduced to Shankar’s music by The Byrds and David Crosby, these artists helped popularize using Indian devices in pop music, and Ravi’s recognition surged. In 1967, Shankar carried out a well-received set on the Monterey Pop Festival and his reside album from the present hit No. 43 on the Billboard chart—and led to his efficiency on the Woodstock pageant.
Shankar gained 5 Grammys together with for Album of the Year awarded to The Concert for Bangladesh (with George Harrison), two for Best World Music Album (nominated alongside his daughter Anoushka as soon as), and a Lifetime Achievement Award. His different daughter is singer-songwriter and 9-time Grammy winner Norah Jones. WATCH his two daughters play sitar and sing to honor their father… (1920)
Ravi composed for sitar and orchestra, and toured the world within the Seventies and Eighties. In the 90s he additionally served as a member of the higher chamber of the Parliament of India, then moved to California and continued to carry out till the top of his life in 2012.
Listen to Traces of You, from the LP of the identical identify by Anoushka Shankar & Norah Jones:
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