61 years in the past as we speak, Alan Shepard grew to become the second particular person, and first American to depart the Earth, making it to low-Earth orbit in his capsule referred to as Freedom 7, as a part of a mission referred to as Mercury-Redstone 3. Unlike Yuri Gagarin, Shepard had some management of the spacecraft when he climbed an altitude of 116.5 miles; 187.4 kilometers. READ the intense particulars of the flight… (1961)
On the day of, the astronaut-to-be awoke at 01:10, and had breakfast consisting of orange juice, a filet mignon wrapped in bacon, and scrambled eggs together with his backup, John Glenn. After ready within the capsule on the launch pad for two hours, he needed to pee in his swimsuit, which had no synthetic bladder. The complete flight was achieved in a urine soaked base layer.
According to Gene Kranz in his 2000 e-book Failure Is Not an Option, “When reporters asked Shepard what he thought about as he sat atop the Redstone rocket, waiting for liftoff, he had replied, ‘The fact that every part of this ship was built by the lowest bidder.’”
Shepard was celebrated as a nationwide hero, honored with ticker-tape parades in Washington, New York and Los Angeles, and obtained the NASA Distinguished Service Medal from President John F. Kennedy. He was additionally awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross.
MORE Good News on this Day:
- Cy Young of the Boston Americans threw the primary good sport within the trendy period of baseball pitching towards the Philadelphia Athletics on the Huntington Avenue Grounds, (1904)
- Michael Palin, the English comic from Monty Python and A Fish Called Wanda was born in Sheffield, Yorkshire (1943)
- Prague rebellion started towards German occupying forces in Czechoslovakia (1945)
- US Army troops liberated the Mauthausen focus camp in Austria throughout World War II (1945)
- Billboard’s Top 100 chart debuted 65 years in the past with Elvis Presley premiering on the high of the listing on Heartbreak Hotel (1956)
131 years in the past as we speak, Carnegie Hall held its grand opening, that includes the good Russian composer Tchaikovsky as visitor conductor.
The terribly giant live performance venue in a quiet neighborhood (earlier than Midtown Manhattan blossomed), finally grew to become probably the most prestigious theaters on the planet for each classical and fashionable music—and a National Historic Landmark.
At 881 Seventh Avenue and West 57th Street, the constructing with 3 live performance halls was constructed by philanthropist Andrew Carnegie and as we speak hosts 250 performances every season. The grandest of the three theaters is six tales excessive with 5 ranges of seating for as much as 2,804 folks.
Home for many years to the New York Philharmonic, its lobbies are adorned with signed portraits and memorabilia that function Arturo Toscanini, the debut of 25-year outdated Leonard Bernstein, and reminiscences of stars who recorded iconic reside concert events there—Duke Ellington, Billie Holiday, Tony Bennett, Judy Garland, Simon and Garfunkel, Chicago, James Taylor, Stevie Ray Vaughan, and plenty of extra.
The corridor has additionally been the positioning of well-known lectures, together with Booker T. Washington, and the final public speak by Mark Twain—each in 1906.
Rock and roll first arrived in 1955 with Bill Haley & His Comets. Years later, The Beatles, newly arrived within the U.S., performed two reveals there and Led Zeppelin, a decade later, grew to become the primary exhausting rock act to plug of their amps into the magnificent Carnegie Main Hall. WATCH a cool tribute… (1891)
– Photo by Ajay Suresh, CC license
Today can be Cinco de Mayo (Fifth of May, in Spanish), the Mexican vacation celebrating the victory of Mexican patriots led by General Zaragoza over invading French forces within the Battle of Puebla on May 5, 1862.
It was a traditional David and Goliath story which led to an eventual victory for the U.S.–backed Mexicans. 6,500 French troopers despatched by Napoleon III, assured of a fast victory, marched to Mexico City to grab the capital. However, Zaragoza’s ill-equipped militia of 4,500 males, plus a small however nimble cavalry, crushed the better-armed French troopers in muddy and inhospitable terrain, with a mix of tenacity and a cattle stampede set off by locals. The French invasion resumed two years later and 30,000 new French troops toppled the Mexican military. However, as soon as the American Civil War had ended, the U.S. started supplying Mexicans with weapons, ammunition and volunteers, and by 1867, the French had been lastly defeated and their puppet head of state deposed.
Today is Liberation Day (Bevrijdingsdag) for the Dutch folks—a nationwide vacation celebrated within the Netherlands to mark the tip of the German occupation by Nazi forces throughout World War II. It was 75 years in the past as we speak that Canadian and British forces—together with Polish, American, Belgian, and Czechoslovakian troops—liberated the nation. (1945)
And, Happy thirty fourth Birthday to Adele, the favored British singer who rocketed to stardom at age nineteen when she launched the four-times platinum album “19” and gained the Grammy Award for Best New Artist in 2009.
And, on at the present time in 1809, a U.S. patent was awarded to a lady for the primary time. In that American period, females might neither personal items nor enter into contracts, so why pursue a patent? Because a Connecticut girl named Mary Kies invented one thing value patenting, studies the Smithsonian.
During an embargo of imports from England that stifled trend, she got here up with a way of weaving straw with silk and thread—a technique that allowed her to make and promote lovely hats, which, after the patent was awarded, nobody else might copy. The polished bonnets grew to become an enormous fad—and President James Madison signed Kies’s patent whereas First Lady Dolley Madison liked the thought of furthering girls in trade, so mentioned ‘hats off’.
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