Personal Growth

Natalie Portman and Angel City FC are altering the sport for girls’s so

Just blocks from Amazon Studios in Santa Monica, subsequent to a startup that’s creating high-protein, low-carb bagels, is the headquarters of one in every of L.A.’s buzziest new manufacturers. Inside, it’s mild and ethereal, with standard-issue startup touches like uncovered pipes and industrial lighting fixtures, plus a couple of canines peeking out from beneath desks.

But there are a couple of particulars that you simply received’t discover wherever else: a plastic-wrapped flat of neon-colored Gatorade close to the entrance entrance and a wall dominated by photographs of girls—goofy candids of Angel City FC soccer gamers, their followers, and the brand new crew’s largely feminine staffers, lots of whom are gathered round desks close by.

The conversations they’re having on this February morning are undoubtedly in contrast to something being talked about at neighboring workplaces too. News has simply damaged that members of the nationwide girls’s soccer crew, which represents the U.S. internationally and received the 2019 World Cup, have agreed to a historic $24 million equal pay settlement with the game’s nationwide governing physique, U.S. Soccer Federation. In addition to awarding again pay to present and former gamers, U.S. Soccer additionally dedicated to equalizing compensation between the ladies’s and males’s nationwide groups.

“It’s a big statement for women’s sports,” says Angel City president and cofounder Julie Uhrman, sitting on a folding chair in a sunlit yard subsequent to her membership’s workplace. The girls’s nationwide crew will get extra viewers and a spotlight than the boys’s crew, she factors out, and it drives followers to buy extra merchandise. “Seeing that finally recognized in pay equity is long overdue.”

Equity—in revenue and alternative—occurs to be the mission of her membership, one in every of two enlargement groups that’s embarking on its first season this spring within the 10-year-old National Women’s Soccer League, or NWSL. Since its founding two years in the past, Angel City has garnered headlines for its star-studded possession group. Uhrman, who has a background in tech and leisure (she beforehand oversaw streaming companies for Lionsgate and enterprise improvement for VR startup Jaunt), cofounded the crew with actor Natalie Portman and Kara Nortman, managing companion at Upfront Ventures, L.A.’s largest enterprise capital agency. Reddit cofounder and enterprise capitalist Alexis Ohanian is the crew’s lead investor, and the membership’s different backers embody A-list actors (Eva Longoria, America Ferrera), tennis legends (Billie Jean King, Serena Williams), and 13 former nationwide crew members (Mia Hamm, Abby Wambach, Julie Foudy).

The group coalesced round the concept that their endeavor was greater than soccer. “We love soccer,” says Portman. “But we also have a secondary mission, which is to push forward the state of conditions for female athletes.” For Angel City, that has meant creating an possession mannequin that asks traders to behave extra like founders and have interaction with the crew at each degree. The membership has additionally developed an industry-first sponsorship program to attract in manufacturers that aren’t historically aligned with sports activities and is discovering contemporary methods to help its world-class gamers on and off the pitch.

In a league the place the wage minimal is $35,000 and the utmost is $75,000, there’s lots of work to be finished. (Even reserve gamers within the males’s Major League Soccer make a minimal of $65,500.) But it’s not simply in regards to the cash. In 2021, male head coaches at 5 of the league’s 10 groups had been fired or resigned attributable to claims of inappropriate conduct, together with racist remarks, sexual misconduct, and verbal abuse. In September, The Athletic printed a bombshell story during which a number of gamers accused North Carolina Courage coach Paul Riley of sexual coercion and making inappropriate feedback. (Riley, who was fired, has denied the vast majority of the allegations.) “Burn it all down,” wrote nationwide participant and Seattle’s OL Reign captain Megan Rapinoe on Twitter. “Let all their heads roll.” Lisa Baird, as soon as lauded for her success rising the league as commissioner, resigned after it emerged that she had identified in regards to the Riley claims for months. General counsel Lisa Levine additionally stepped down. Two investigations into what occurred are pending.

This is a chance to make a cultural shift.”

Natalie Portman, Angel City cofounder

Underlying all that is the truth that the NWSL is the third incarnation of knowledgeable girls’s soccer league within the U.S. Earlier variations each folded attributable to monetary instability. That legacy has had a long-lasting impression. Fear of wounding the league or doing something that may put the brakes on its momentum “can perpetuate a culture of silence, which can perpetuate a culture of abuse,” says Meghann Burke, government director of the NWSL Players Association.

Natalie Portman desires Angel City FC to shift the tradition for girls’s sports activities. [Photo: Jessica Chou; Hair: Bryce Scarlett at The Wall Group; makeup: Sabrina Bedrani for Dior Beauty at The Wall Group; stylist (Portman): Ryan Hastings; Dior clothing]

The strain on Angel City couldn’t be greater because it makes its season-opening debut within the 22,000-seat Banc of California stadium on the finish of April, nor may the aspiration of its management to alter how girls’s soccer is valued on this nation. The potential is big: Unlike MLS, which competes for males’s gamers and viewers in opposition to long-established leagues throughout the globe, the NWSL has among the world’s high expertise and a pure viewers. For a vibrant fandom to develop round a sports activities league, folks must care deeply about its rivalries and gamers, says David Berri, sports activities economist and professor at Southern Utah University. And with U.S. girls’s soccer, he says, “the emotional attachment is already there,” due to a dominant nationwide crew. (Most nationwide crew members additionally play on NWSL membership groups.) If the league continues to develop its fandom and appeal to high gamers, it may, with sufficient time, stand alongside legendary males’s leagues just like the English Premier League and Spain’s La Liga.

Angel City is poised to play a key function. First, although, it must show its enterprise mannequin. “I have the best athletes in the world playing a global sport in a city of champions,” says Uhrman. “We are going to build the club authentically, thinking about it as a brand.”


The story of Angel City’s sky-high ambitions begins, fittingly sufficient, on an airplane. Nortman was together with her husband and three children on a flight from Los Angeles to Boston in July 2019, texting with Portman. The two had develop into pleasant via their curiosity in soccer and advocacy work. Portman is a founding member of Time’s Up, and Nortman helped discovered All Raise, a company working to help feminine and nonbinary founders and funders. From the aircraft, Nortman despatched Portman a several-paragraphs-long missive in regards to the potential for girls’s soccer to construct a extra mainstream viewers. “Rant now done. Haha,” she concluded.

Portman’s response was easy: “We should bring a team to L.A. together.”

Nortman thought Portman was kidding. “I’m a venture capitalist,” she says, and due to this fact conditioned to suppose massive. “But I never allowed myself to dream that we could go start a soccer team.”

Portman, nevertheless, was severe. “It seemed completely doable when we started understanding how undervalued these teams are,” she says. “This is an opportunity to try and actually make a cultural shift.”

Once Nortman began to have a look at the info, she agreed. She noticed a worldwide fan base for soccer that’s almost 50% girls. She noticed NWSL viewership steadily rising, even with little promotional help. She noticed alternatives for brand new distribution channels over platforms like Twitter and Twitch—and many room to promote merch. And Southern California, which simply supported two males’s groups with greater than 20,000 followers a recreation, was already dwelling to a disproportionate variety of high girls gamers. The market was there.

Venture capitalist Kara Nortman helped the crew safe 99 high-profile traders. [Photo: Jessica Chou]

From that time, issues took off shortly. Nortman performed in the identical pickup basketball league as Uhrman, who advises startups and based a gaming console firm, Ouya, that was acquired by Razer. Uhrman was on the lookout for a brand new problem, so Portman and Nortman requested if she’d be concerned with making a marketing strategy. Uhrman had one query: What was the NWSL?

I by no means allowed myself to dream that we may go begin a soccer crew.”

Kara Nortman, Angel City cofounder

“I didn’t even know that there was a women’s professional soccer league,” admits Uhrman, who grew up in Los Angeles. But she was undoubtedly . Five days later, Uhrman, Portman, and Nortman had been within the stands of an “El Tráfico” matchup between Los Angeles’s males’s soccer groups, the LA Galaxy and Los Angeles FC. Uhrman was impressed by the supporter teams that had coalesced round them. It appeared pure that they might construct the same fan base for a girls’s crew. Uhrman noticed a girl within the stands waving a flag that mentioned “Bring NWSL to LA.” She took that literal signal as an indication.

Uhrman started learning how different soccer groups function. She wished to grasp, she says, “What are the economics of running a club? What are the revenue drivers? What are the cost drivers?” More pressingly, although, she wanted somebody to purchase a crew.

Like greater than 260 million folks all over the world, Ohanian had watched the U.S. crew’s victory within the 2019 FIFA Women’s World Cup ultimate. He had been along with his spouse, Serena Williams, and daughter Olympia, who was operating round in an Alex Morgan jersey. “I commented, like every parent does, ‘Olympia, one day you could play on the World Cup team,’ ” he remembers. “And, my wife, without missing a beat was like, ‘Not until they pay her what she’s worth.’ I was like, ‘Okay. Challenge accepted.’ ”

When he heard what Uhrman, Nortman, and Portman had been planning, he provided his backing and recommendation. (Along together with her dad and mom, Olympia, then 2, grew to become an investor in Angel City, making her the youngest coowner in professional sports activities.) Ohanian instructed they search for traders who would perform just like the entrepreneurs in his 776 enterprise fund’s portfolio and commit deeply to the undertaking. “[776’s] founders have a very meaningful ownership stake in the business,” he says. “They’re the ones doing all the work to make it successful. Why should a sports franchise be any different?”

They started to construct a gaggle of like-minded traders. Mia Hamm and Julie Foudy, who each performed on the crew that received the 1999 World Cup, despatched an electronic mail to former teammates, explaining the mission of the group. “That email changed my life,” says two-time Olympic Gold medalist Angela Hucles. Now she’s not solely an investor but in addition VP of participant improvement and operations. Other traders embody late-night host James Corden, WNBA participant Candace Parker, and skier Lindsey Vonn. (The group hasn’t been with out some controversy: In March 2021, Angel City requested “Vlog Squad” chief David Dobrik to withdraw his minority stake within the crew after one in every of his crew members was accused of sexual assault. Dobrik stepped down, and the membership dedicated to enhancing its vetting course of.)

Some sports activities golf equipment have functioned as vainness initiatives, or soft household companies. That was by no means the plan with Angel City. In pitching traders, the membership’s founders made it clear that they deliberate to make them cash. “We’re trying to create a multibillion-dollar sports franchise,” says Ohanian, “not just a side project that makes us feel good.”


June 23 marks the fiftieth anniversary of Title IX, the federal regulation that ushered in a brand new period for girls athletes by eradicating limitations for girls and women in schooling and sports activities. Other limitations have confirmed extra intractable—particularly in the case of skilled sports activities.

It begins with having leagues which are too younger to have accrued massive fandoms, which is in itself “a function of discrimination,” says Berri. Then there’s the dearth of media protection, and the shortage of each non-public and public funding. Neither the NWSL nor the WNBA play in any publicly funded arenas that had been purpose-built for them. Real progress additionally requires massive broadcasting offers. MLS’s present contracts usher in $90 million yearly—and the league is reportedly on the cusp of tripling that quantity. The NWSL, in the meantime, will get round $1.5 million per 12 months from CBS, and $1 million from Twitch streams. Additionally, the league has to pay manufacturing prices to air its personal video games.

Under president Julie Uhrman, Angel City signed 21 sponsors earlier than its first season. [Photo: Jessica Chou]

Despite league-wide headwinds, Uhrman and her colleagues are sprinting forward. The superstar backing, by Portman and others, has undoubtedly helped court docket sponsors. “When I walk into a room, the trust is there,” says Jessica Smith, the crew’s head of income, who has labored for MLB, NHL, and MLS groups. She and Uhrman secured Heineken, Birdies, Sprouts, and DoorDash as early companions. The food-delivery platform signed a reported eight-figure, multiyear sponsorship deal—its first with a professional soccer crew—which included putting its brand on the entrance of the crew’s jersey.

I’ve one of the best athletes on this planet taking part in a worldwide sport in a metropolis of champions.”

Julie Uhrman, Angel City cofounder and president

Selling this “front of kit” placement is a giant deal for any crew, says Smith, because it brings in a considerable amount of annual income. The course of usually begins with a valuation agency offering estimates of what a crew may fairly cost. The agency that Angel City labored with got here again with a valuation of $1 million primarily based on NWSL and WNBA jersey offers. Smith wished to goal greater: “I was like, ‘What are you talking about? Natalie Portman’s going to be wearing this jersey.’ ” Smith finally secured greater than $4 million per 12 months in total jersey income, which incorporates entrance, again, sleeve, and follow jersey brand placement. Shoe startup Birdies, the sleeve sponsor, signed a four-year deal reportedly value seven figures. It was Birdies’s first foray into sports activities partnerships.

Together, these offers add as much as probably the most useful jersey sponsorship within the historical past of the league, says Rebecca Hendel, government director of Endeavor Analytics, a analysis agency owned by Endeavor that has consulted with Angel City on sponsorship. At the time, it was additionally bigger than at the very least 9 MLS groups’ front-of-jersey offers. “Anytime anything in women’s sports can be bigger than the men’s,” says Hendel, “we’ll take that as a victory.” By the beginning of Angel City’s first season, Smith and her crew had closed 21 revenue-generating partnerships, value a median of $470,000 apiece.

Leagues of Their Own: A Brief History of Women’s Professional Sports within the United States

One hallmark of each Angel City partnership is that 10% of the sponsorship cash is earmarked to go towards the larger L.A. neighborhood. DoorDash, as an example, dedicated to delivering roughly 250,000 free meals to food-insecure Angelenos. Swedish fintech firm Klarna—with its first-ever sports activities sponsorship—promised to create extra inexperienced areas in Los Angeles. This unconventional method to baking social impression into sponsorships has develop into a defining characteristic of the membership. “It earned the trust of our community and allowed us to get more significant sponsorship dollars,” says Smith, who got here up with the thought. Birdies, which was interested in the crew particularly due to this neighborhood integration, earmarked its 10% for paid internships for a number of L.A. highschool college students, in addition to instructional scholarships.

Public consciousness is rising. Before the beginning of its first season, the membership offered almost 16,000 season tickets to the Banc of California stadium, which went for between $180 and $51,000 for 10 “Field-level” suites. Premium seats offered out in three days. Angel City additionally offered greater than one million {dollars}’ value of merchandise earlier than the crew even performed its first preseason recreation.

Angel City’s dedication to rising alternative for gamers is threaded all through these endeavors. The membership created a grant program funded by particular merchandise gross sales for retired gamers who need to pursue careers in teaching, refereeing, sports activities media, or the entrance workplace of groups. “We wanted to give them a pathway to invest in and get back to the sport,” Uhrman explains. She’s additionally exploring methods to compensate present gamers who faucet into their social followings to promote tickets. (Logistics are nonetheless being labored out with the league.)

The membership is conscious of making a crew tradition that addresses the problems which have plagued girls’s soccer. During the draft, head coach Freya Coombe appeared for athletes who had been concerned with placing down roots in L.A., and saved the roster small, so the brand new crew may jell and gamers wouldn’t must stress about being traded. The membership appeared for different methods to enhance participant security. Hucles says that they bought telephones “issued by Angel City, property of Angel City,” for workers to speak with gamers, within the hope that it’ll act as a deterrent for any inappropriate communications. “The first thing we put into place was a code of conduct, reporting mechanisms, and HR,” says Portman.

Leagues of Their Own, continued

National crew member Christen Press, who beforehand performed professionally for the English Women’s Super League, was the primary participant to signal a contract with Angel City, reportedly for barely greater than $700,000 for 3 seasons, making her one of many highest-paid athletes within the historical past of the NWSL. (Teams are in a position to pay above the league’s most wage through the use of a further allowance referred to as “allocation money.”) “When you’re part of a new franchise, there’s a responsibility to establish culture and standards,” Press says. She’s seeking to the crew to “push the needle toward a truly professional environment where the players are valued and the fans are valued in a way that they aren’t anywhere else in the world.”


Angel City’s first matchup, a preseason recreation in March in opposition to the league’s different new enlargement crew, the San Diego Wave, led to a tie. But the sport, held within the 10,000-seat Titan Stadium at Cal State Fullerton, was profitable in different methods. At the beginning of the sport, Portman flipped the coin within the middle of the pitch, alongside her husband and their two children. Wearing black Angel City jerseys and the crew’s black and pink scarves, followers—Ohanian and his daughter amongst them—cheered and beat drums. Players couldn’t hear each other over the gang. When Savannah McCaskill scored the crew’s first-ever objective, the stands erupted.

As aggressive because the crew is, Angel City’s leaders are centered on sharing what they’re doing with different golf equipment within the league. “The mindset of Julie and the team is very much to open-source the best practices,” says Ohanian. “We need to improve the economics of all the clubs.”

Other groups are already copying the celebrity-investment mannequin. Naomi Osaka invested within the North Carolina Courage in January 2021; the Washington Spirit now counts Chelsea Clinton and Jenna Bush Hager amongst its homeowners. “It’s great for the sport and the league overall to have more investors [who can provide] more visibility,” Hendel says.

Leagues of Their Own, continued

Angie Long, co-owner of the Kansas City Current NWSL crew, is a former classmate of Nortman’s from Princeton and chief funding officer at Palmer Square Capital Management, which manages greater than $22.1 billion in belongings. She spoke with Nortman after the 2019 World Cup about what it takes to purchase a crew and produce it to market and—together with her husband, Chris, and health entrepreneur Brittany Matthews—she launched a membership in Kansas City, Kansas. (The metropolis’s earlier one folded in 2017.) The Current, now in its second season, has adopted Angel City’s 10% neighborhood sponsorship mannequin. “We absolutely thought it was a phenomenal idea, a way to tie together sport and the community,” Long says. Last fall, she and her co-owners introduced plans to construct a $90 million, 11,500-seat NWSL stadium alongside the Missouri River waterfront.

There are indicators that the league is hitting its stride. In 2021, media mentions and impressions for the league grew 334% from 2020, in response to sports activities consultancy Navigate. In February, 19-year-old Trinity Rodman, 2021 Rookie of the League, signed the largest contract within the historical past of the NWSL. The four-year extension with the Washington Spirit was reportedly value $1.1 million. Last November, a file 525,000 viewers tuned in to look at the NWSL ultimate, a 216% improve over the 2019 ultimate. And this April, a preseason matchup between Angel City and the San Diego Wave notched 456,000 viewers on CBS. “That’s a lot of people watching women’s soccer,” mentioned Uhrman over Twitter.

Even so, solely 5 of the league’s 146 matches within the 2021 season had been broadcast on CBS. The relaxation had been out there on its streaming service, Paramount Plus, and the cable CBS Sports Network, together with Twitch. But the league’s streaming rights for Twitch are up in 2023, and CBS’s deal expires in 2024, that means extra profitable preparations could possibly be coming.

Burke of the NWSL Players Association helped negotiate the league’s first collective-bargaining settlement in January. She says a part of the rationale the gamers signed a longer-term, five-year contract was the stipulation that they’ll obtain 10% of the online broadcast income if the league is worthwhile in years three, 4, and 5 of the CBA. “We talked a lot about wanting to bet on ourselves and being willing to take risks because we believe that there is tremendous growth opportunity,” she says.

That’s Angel City’s place, too. Ohanian, for one, is assured. When he will get hate tweets about how he’s losing his time investing in girls’s sports activities, he saves them in a particular Dropbox folder. “They give me energy,” he says. “Every time I get another investor update about Angel City or see some more progress, I just think back to those tweets, and I get even more motivated.”



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